Philip Kotler es una de las referencias mundiales en marketing por la cantidad y calidad de sus escritos. Su capacidad de sintetizar en una frase las nuevas tendencias del mercado es impresionante. Acostumbrado a sintetizar me fascinan frases como la siguiente: «hoy tienes que correr más rapido para estar en el mismo lugar».
Su visión del marketing introduce el concepto de inteligencia estratégica como agente fundamental, especialmente cuando advietre que es una técnica empresarial que permite anticipar la estructura de la demanda del mercado elegido para crear, comunicar y distribuir los productos-servicios que la satisfagan maximizando las utilidades de la marca. Aquí os dejo algunas perlas.
The major economic force is hyper-competition, namely companies are able to produce more goods than can be sold, putting a lot of pressure on price. This also drives companies to build in more differentiation. However, a lot of the differentiation is psychological, not real. Even then, a company’s current advantage doesn’t last very long in an economy where any advantage can be copied rapidly.
Globalization means that companies will move their production to cheaper sites and bring products into a country at prices lower than those charged by the domestic sellers. Hyper-competition means that there are more suppliers competing for the same customer, leading to price cuts. And the Internet means that people can more quickly compare prices and move to the lowest cost offer.
Marketing is the science and art of exploring, creating, and delivering value to satisfy the needs of a target market at a profit. Marketing identifies unfulfilled needs and desires. It defines, measures and quantifies the size of the identified market and the profit potential. It pinpoints which segments the company is capable of serving best and it designs and promotes the appropriate products and services.
Marketing’s key processes are: (1) opportunity identification, (2) new product development, (3) customer attraction, (4) customer retention and loyalty building, and (5) order fulfillment. A company that handles all of these processes well will normally enjoy success. But when a company fails at any one of these processes, it will not survive.
Marketing’s role is to sense the unfulfilled needs of people and create new and attractive solutions.